How to Install & Run Go Programming Language Golang on Ubuntu Linux

Go or Golang is a free and open source concurrent, functional, imperative and object-oriented programming language for Linux, macOS, Windows, BSD and created by Google. It comes with some advantages like memory safety, garbage collection and structural typing. Some famouse projects written in Go are Docker and Kubernetes, Google’s download server, hootsuite, Crowdfire and many more. Emacs, Vim, VSCode, Atom, Eclipse, Sublime and IntelliJ provides support for go language.

 

Install Go programming language on Ubuntu:

Download Go binary:

Go to the above go language download page and download the latest Linux version. Here the downloaded file name is “go1.20.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz”. Right click on this file and select Extract Here option. You will get “go” folder.

go folder

Then open your file manager in root mode. If you are using nautilus file manager, then use this command.

sudo -E nautilus

If your file manager is thunar (xfce), then

sudo -E thunar

Then copy the go directory and paste it to the /usr/local folder.

go lang file location

[Or]

You can also do this all above steps by running below command in your terminal app. Open the terminal (ctrl+alt+t) and run below command.

wget -c https://dl.google.com/go/go1.20.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz -O - | sudo tar -xz -C /usr/local

Here the current go version is 1.20.2 and go download url for the Linux version is https://go.dev/dl/go1.20.2.linux-amd64.tar.gz You can change this url based on your download link. you can check this from above go binary download link.

Also Read:  How to Install WildFly Application Server on Ubuntu

go linux download

Add Go Folder Path to the $PATH environment:

In terminal

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin
source ~/.profile

Restart your system and verify the installation by

go version

go lang version check

If you get any error. run this again.

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin
source ~/.profile

 

Run Go Hello World Program:

Create go/src/connectwww folder inside username folder. Or run this command to create it.

mkdir -p ~/go/src/connectwww

go project location

Navigate to the created connectwww folder and create a file called “connectwww.go”

go file path

 

Open that file with any text editor and write the below code and save it.

package main

import (
"fmt"
)

func main() {
fmt.Println("Hello, CONNECTwww.com")
}

go hello world program

Then run this command

go env -w GO111MODULE=auto

Then navigate to go/src/connectwww in terminal.

cd go/src/connectwww

Then build the program using below cmomand.

go build

Then run

./connectwww

go program build run

 

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